Kata liste

Træning af kata er en meget vigtig del af karate. Kata er en serie af teknikker, der udføres i en bestemt rækkefølge. For at kunne udføre en kata ordentlig, er det nødvendig at ens basis teknikker er i orden. Disse basis teknikker trænes via kihon programmet.

Det er meget vigtig at ens forståelse for kata er tilstede. Dette kan være meget svært i starten, men efterhånden som man udvikler sig, bliver forståelsen og udførelsen af kata bedre.

Kata indenfor Shotokai køres afslappet og harmonisk, med flydende og kontinuerlige bevægelser/teknikker. Der er ingen unødvendige stop og ophold under udførelsen. Shotokai kata er fuld af vitalitet og energi, både internt og eksternt. Kata er meditation i bevægelse.

 

Kata

Kanji

Teknikker

Taikyoku shodan

太極初段

20

Taikyoku nidan

太極二段

20

Taikyoku sandan

太極三段

20

Taikyoku yondan

太極四段

20

Taikyoku godan

太極五段

20

Heian shodan

平安初段

21

Heian nidan

平安二段

26

Heian sandan

平安三段

20

Heian yondan

平安四段

27

Heian godan

平安五段

23

Tekki shodan

鉄騎初段

29

Tekki nidan

鉄騎二段

24

Tekki sandan

鉄騎三段

36

Bassai dai

披塞大

42

Bassai sho

披塞小

27

Kanku dai

観空大

65

Kanku sho

観空小

48

Jion

慈恩

47

Empi

燕飛

37

Hangetsu

半月

41

Jitte

十手

24

Ji'in

慈陰

35

Gankaku

岩鶴

42

Nijushiho

二十四歩

34

Chinte

珍手

32

Sochin

壯鎭

41

Meikyo

明鏡

33

Unsu

雲手

48

Wankan

王冠

24

Gojushiho sho

五十四歩小

65

Gojushiho dai

五十四歩大

67

Ten no Kata

天の形

-

 

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Nationale Gasshuku
International Gasshuku

When Master Funakoshi arrived in Japan (from Okinawa) he was more than 50 years old and his students thought he executed his movements in a relaxed way due to his age. This relaxation is, in fact, fundamental. It is only nowadays that all is done with strength and this is actually a true contradiction.

Furthermore the evolution of competition in Karate is opposed to Karate-do ettiquette. Competition has resulted in the loss of many things in Karate-do.... but possibly, we may not have the right to criticize considering that we practiced it and now we have abandoned it! [Murakami Sensei originally trained in sports karate]. Competition, today, is not the result of practice, rather the result of practice for competition... and this is very different. A specific preparation is not pure practice!

Anyway, I believe that comparing Shotokai with other styles is not possible, because it truly is something completely different. It does not have competition as the objective, rather the liberation of body and spirit.

Tetsuji Murakami (1927 - 1987).

"In our physical movements, there are those that are natural and others that are not. Through the practice of Karate-do, we can learn to differentiate between the two and also learn to acquire natural movements. We also learn of the power that nature endowed us with and how to use it, for a man has a great deal of hidden power of which he is not aware."

Shigeru Egami (1912 - 1981).

Udklip af: Foreword of Karate-Do Nyumon (Bog: Karate-Do Nyumon af Gichin Funakoshi, Dec. 1943)

Often in practicing the advanced kata, students concentrate too much on the order and continuity of the movements, without considering the effectiveness of each technique. In extreme cases, they may have the illusion that they have mastered the kata by simply memorizing the order of the movements. It should be clear that, in reality, one must practice both basic techniques and advanced kata, and that the study of basics takes on a new and deeper meaning after one experiences more complex practice.

In traditional kata such as Bassai, the difference between simply executing the movements in the correct order and performing the kata while taking maai into account is immediately apparent. If one imagines a real opponent and performs the kata while thinking of maai, a blending of hard and soft, quick and slow elements appear quite naturally. Then each movement of the hands and feet takes the shortest possible route.

Genshin [Motonobu] Hironishi (1913 – 1999)

Gichin Funakoshi

Karate-Dõ er Karatens rigtige brug, udført med den rette forståelse. Den der oprigtigt træner i denne Dõ og virkelig forstår Karate-Dõ bliver aldrig nemt trukket ind i en kamp.

Studerende af enhver kunstart, som klart indbefatter karate-dõ, må aldrig glemme at forædle sind og krop.

At vinde et hundrede sejre i et hundrede slag er ikke den største færdighed. At besejre fjenden, uden at kæmpe, er den største færdighed.

Gichin Funakoshi (1868 - 1957).

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